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크리마 회원 여러분, 만학을 이루었습니다.
김진욱  2012-12-18 22:34:41, 조회 : 8,857, 추천 : 1965

김진욱입니다.

제가 4년전에 인도 네루대학에서 박사과정을 시작했는데 이제 논문이 통과되어 바이바를 기다리고 있습니다. 그동안 인도에서 많은 생각을 하고 또 많은 것을 배웠습니다. 이제 박사로서 연구소를 위하여 더 힘껏 일하고자 합니다. 논문을 첨부하니 혹 관심이 있으신 분은 참고하시기 바랍니다.


김진욱 올림



China–Republic of Korea Relations:
An Analysis of the Security Forum, 2002-2009



ABSTRACT

This is the case study about China-South Korea Security Forum which has been held in Beijing and Seoul from the year 2002 to 2009. China-South Korea Security Forum (CSKSF) was introduced by two civil institutions of the two countries in 2000. It was organised and co-hosted by Chinese People’s Association for Friendly Contact (CPAFC) and Korea Research Institute of Military Affairs (KRIMA). An innovative civil approach between China and South Korea has been developed in Annual Security Forum involving participation of high incumbent officials from both sides.

CSKSF has played a role to provide an important network for the cooperation and confidence-building of security specialists and for the exchange of security information between the two countries. As an attempt to facilitate the improved relationship between the two countries, the Security Forum organized several rounds of formal and informal meetings during the period with the participation of high policy makers. The Forum has brought various security issues in the Korean peninsula and its surroundings into debate. The result has been reported to both the governments and applied to the policy making.

The events involved various people including security experts both incumbent and retired in the military services of both countries, and civilian experts and researchers in this field totaling around 100. Some of the high ranking personalities who took part in the meetings were then Ministers for Defense Cao Gangchuan, Chi Haotian and Liang Guanglie from Chinese side, and ex-Ministers Cho Sung Tae, Lee Sang hee, Yoon Kwang Woong, Kim Dong Sin from the Korean side. This alternative framework has initiated a new approach in improving China-South Korea security relationship.

China-South Korea security relationship was not so vibrant even after the normalization. There were two factors that have prevented China and South Korea coming together. For China, North Korea was sensitive issue and South Korea could not bypass the US easily. So, it was not comfortable for both to vitalize security relationship overnight. Many deliberations and mediations are needed for the ice break. In this circumstance this unofficial dialogue organised by the Security Forum has been beneficial.

The study has tried to explain and evaluate the role played by the China-South Korea Security Forum in improving relations between China and South Korea. The research focuses on the period from 2002 to 2009. It has explored the difference of the role played by the civilian institution when the government organs have been ineffective. The study used the personal interviews with key officials and participants in different meetings organized by the Forum at Beijing and Seoul.

The major thrust of the research was on qualitative study and it investigated 60 of the papers presented at the Forums. The papers were categorized as per their topics and year of presentation. The study tried to apply deductive and inductive method to analyze and understand the dynamics of China-South Korea relations in the context of the proceedings of the Forum so that it became easier to decipher their changing viewpoints with the passage of time.

Furthermore, the role of Korean Diaspora in China (including full-star Korean ethnic general Cho Nanchi who served in the Chinese military) were searched to study China-South Korea relations. The researcher especially used the information acquired from formal and informal talks, personal interviews, seminar debates etc. So, this study endeavored to be useful for actual policy making with the scholarly objectiveness in the end.

The work has discovered that the CSKSF has contributed a lot to the promotion of security relations between China and South Korea. The former and incumbent defense ministers as well as senior policy-makers in the military of the both countries deem this Forum a crucial one to promote security relations between China and South Korea. It can be one of the contributions to the promotion of Korea-China security relationship. They are much interested in how this dialogue can be continued encompassing the think-tanks of both countries in this process.

The achievement and contribution of the Forum can be explained by how much scholars and experts as well as policy makers and practitioners of both countries are taking advantage of this Forum. Party members and workers of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Defense policy and practitioners of National Information Agency, members of Department of Policy and Information from the Ministry of National Defense were observers in the seminars and meetings of this Forum. Sometimes they have been utilizing this mechanism to solve their problems.

In short, China and South Korea, two rising countries located in Northeast Asia, the formal conversation between them was difficult in the past era because of North Korean factor for China and the US factor for South Korea as well as the ideological barriers. The limits of the conversation in the official channels find a new outlet and it is the birth of the CSKSF. CSKSF has played a positive role for promoting the security relationship between both countries and still going on.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I am grateful to Prof. Srikanth Kondapalli for his supervision. Had I not got his insights and friendly encouragement I would surely have given up my efforts. He guided me so wisely with helpful and supportive advice, critical comments, and intellectual freedom.

CEAS/SIS in JNU has been literally my “Centre” of academic life. I pay respect to the former Chairperson, Prof. Lalima Verma and all other faculty members. I appreciate administrative support from our Centre staff and others. I developed my basic ideas on my research topic with the help of many specialists participated at the programme of the China-South Korea Security Forum (CSKSF). I am very much appreciative for the thoughtful encouragement from Ex. Minister Cho Sungtae, Ex. President of LG Ki-Jun, Ex. Vice-minister Hwang Kyusic, General Song Youngun and other consultants of KRIMA (Korea Research Institute of Military Affairs).

At Seoul National University I learned much about public policies from my supervisors Prof. Jung Junggil and Prof. Lee Dalgon who became later ministers of Korean Government. Their guidance was very helpful for me to write this thesis at this time. I could be much lonesome here in India without help of Chairman Hyun Dongwha, President Lee Junghun and Secretary General Mr. Harry Shin of Korean Association India. Advocate Vijay Prakash who passed away in November last year, Professor Rakesh, Professor Uttam and other friends in India supported me in many ways. Special great thanks to Mr. Sudhakar Vaddi, Mr. John Jojin, Mr. Charan Dass and his wife.

My wife and my daughter gave me indispensable support to complete my study and this Ph.D thesis. My son Kim Taeyang who is also pursuing his Ph. D. in Germany has often cheered up for my writing. I was supported much by my good batch, students and friends, special thanks to Mr. Tara Prasad Joshi, Dr. Mahendra Prakash, Mr. Arpit, Mr. Satyendra Kumar Uttam and Mr. Thangkhal. Thank you.

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